Arc-seamount collision: driver for vertical-axis rotations in Azuero, Panama

Luis A. Rodriguez-Parra, Camilo Gaitán, Camilo Montes, Germán Bayona, Augusto Rapalini
Año de la publicación: 
2 017
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, April 2017, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 199–218
We present new paleomagnetic data of 25 sites (240 specimens) along the southwestern part of the Azuero Peninsula, Panama. The data show two paleomagnetic domains in the peninsula: a northern domain featuring uniformly large vertical-axis clockwise rotation values of 73.4 ± 12° across to Azuero Soná Fault Zone with a single mean direction with declination of 81.2° and inclination of -3.2° (95% confidence of 11.7° and precision parameter of 18.09), and a scattered paleomagnetic domain to the south. These contrasting domains could be attributed to the collision of fartravelled/ allochthonous seamounts that approached the Panama arc as subduction of the Farallon plate brought them to the margin. As consequence of this collision the fartravelled seamounts were fragmented and scattered along the margin while the Panama arc rotated into the colliding seamounts. These new paleomagnetic data suggest that the Campanian-Eocene arc segment in the Azuero Peninsula was originally oriented NE-SW, implying an original curvature for this part of the arc. Keywords paleomagnetism collision-induced rotation paleogeography Panamanian Arc