Characterization of primary and secondary magnetite in marine sediment by combining chemical and magnetic unmixing techniques

Ludwig P., Egli R.BishopS.,ChernenkoV. Frederichs T.Rugel G.,Merchel S. and Orgeira, M.J. Ludwig P., Egli R.BishopS.,ChernenkoV. Frederichs T.Rugel G.,Merchel S and Orgeira M.J.
Año de la publicación: 
2 013
Global and Planetary Change
We present a novel technique for quantitative unmixing of primary and secondary ferrimagnetic minerals in sediments. Hysteresis and high-resolution first-order reversal curve (FORC) measurements are performed on sediment samples before and after digestion in a citrate–bicarbonate–dithionite (CBD) solution optimized for maximum selective extraction of secondary fine-grained iron oxides. The difference between magnetic measurements of untreated and CBD-treated sample materials is used to calculate the original magnetic signature of CBD-extractable minerals. A combination of selective chemical extraction and magnetic measurements suited for the detection of single-domain particles provides a cross-check between chemical and magnetic unmixing of primary and secondary iron oxides and resolves the non-uniqueness problem of numerical unmixing methods. A quantitative magnetic characterization of secondary ferrimagnetic minerals in a magnetofossil-rich pelagic carbonate is presented for the first time. It can be used for calibration of recently developed fast magnetic unmixing techniques. CBD-based Fe extraction from sediments with minimal clastic and/or aeolian inputs, such as pelagic carbonates, is particularly suited for the search for cosmogenic 60Fe signatures from supernova explosions, because 60Fe dilution by dissolved primary Fe-bearing minerals is minimized.