A pure dipole analysis of the Gondwana apparent polar
L. C. Gallo , R. N. Tomezzoli and E. O. Cristallini
Año de la publicación:
AGU Publications - Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
The paleogeography of prebreakup Pangea at the beginning of the Atlantic Spreading has been a subject of debate for the past 50 years. Reconciling this debate involves theoretical corrections that cast doubt on available data and paleomagnetism as an effective tool for performing paleoreconstructions. This 50 year old debate focuses specifically on magnetic remanence and its ability to correctly record the inclination of the paleomagnetic field. In this paper, a selection of paleopoles was made to find the great circles containing the paleomagnetic pole and the respective sampling site. The true dipole pole (TDP) was then calculated by intersecting these great circles, effectively avoiding nondipolar contributions and inclination shallowing, in an innovative method. The great circle distance between each of these TDPs and the paleomagnetic means show the accuracy of paleomagnetic determinations in the context of a dominantly geocentric, axial, and dipolar geomagnetic field. The TDPs calculated allowed a bootstrap analysis to be performed to further consider the flattening factor that should be applied to the sedimentary-derived paleopoles. It is argued that the application of a single theoretical correction factor for clastic sedimentary-derived records could lead to a bias in the paleolatitude calculation and therefore to incorrect paleogeographic reconstructions. The unbiased APWP makes it necessary to slide Laurentia to the west in relation to Gondwana in a B-type Pangea during the Upper Carboniferous, later evolving, during the Early Permian, to reach the final A-type Pangea configuration of the Upper Permian.